It’s hard to estimate as I haven’t seen an exact total I think due in part as there really hasn’t been an assessment by any one group of people but estimates have been totaled to be about 12,000 bunkers in France alone. They were supposed to be paid 55 Reichspfennig an hour. Guernsey had to pay for the German troops, providing them with and paying for their food, accommodation and transport.[9]:89. [3]:37, The tunnelling system adopted comprised, drilling a series of holes, several metres deep, inserting charges and detonating them, this created a hole 2–3 metres high and the same width. Being in the front line of many wars, invasion was almost always a threat and the best locations for defence were being constantly rebuilt with older constructions being re-used and improved. Fittings such as air purification systems, showers, gas proof doors, telephones, periscopes, and wiring were standardised. Barges and small ships were brought to the Islands to transport materials to supplement the two ships run by OT. Guernsey WW2 bunker to open to public. By 1944 Guernsey’s coastline was covered in concrete fortifications. The fortifications were however never needed. In this section you will find: Guernsey Occupied - this is a past exhibition about the occupation in general. Today, many bunkers can be viewed and even explored, “The Germans laid barbed wire all along. SUBSCRIBE: http://www.youtube.com/c/VicStefanu - Let's visit the WW2 German fortifications of Guernsey. Panel, made from the wooden poles; 12). Wood; 16). [4]:67–8 Artillerie Abteilung 1265 HQ was at Quatre Vents Estate, St Martin. Guernsey and its neighbouring islands have a unique distinction which sets them apart from the rest of the British Isles. OT gave Guernsey the code name Gustav. 1. The Naval Signals HQ at St Jacques in St Peter Port was the main communications centre. Lily James plays free-spirited journalist Juliet Ashton, who forms a life-changing bond with the delightful and It had the largest artillery pieces in the Channel Islands, tanks, and 12,000 troops:[1]:204 one soldier for every two civilians on the island, compared to France which had a 1:80 ratio, or higher. By Pierre Kosmidis Info and photos submitted by Emmanouil Tzilivakis, used by permission. Camouflage in the form of paint, sprayed concrete and straw on wire mesh, and timber constructions were common. A number of junctions on the route also had sentry and machine gun positions built into granite walls. [4]:63–4 [16]:178, 3.7 cm Flak and 5 cm Flak provided medium support (3,000-5,000m effective range) and 2 cm Flak were located for close protection of facilities, some in concrete emplacements (2,000m effective range). Its guns had a range of 23 kilometres (14 mi). Holes through walls for ventilation pipes and cables, doorways and escape routes being put in before the concrete was poured. By 13 June Hitler had made a decision. Thousands of foreign prisoners and labourers were shipped to the Islands to complete the construction. It was necessary to pour the concrete in as continuous operation as possible to avoid joints that would weaken the structure. [3]:37 They took 2 years to construct. 319 Infantry Division (319 ID), which had been created in November 1940 and was designed as a static division for service in occupied Europe, was allocated to the islands. In September 1944 there were 10,980 troops in Guernsey comprising:[14]:52. Wire on low wooden poles; 8). Local workers too were recruited. Only about 30% of the original 319 ID personnel were still with the unit in June 1944, the fitter men having been sent to the Eastern Front, to be replaced with less fit and non German troops. Camouflaged barrier and machine-gun nest; 10). The smaller Freya radar was less visible. 60 cm searchlights for illuminating the sea, normally protected in small concrete shelters when not in use. The work would continue as planned, despite the death of Dr Todt in a plane crash in February 1942. In Guernsey there were five batteries, each of four 10cm Czech artillery, which had a range of 9.6 kilometres (6.0 mi). In these clips you see some of its famous fortifications including those built by the German occupations forces … Guernsey received a few tracked anti-tank guns, but relied more on guns such as the 3.7 cm Pak 35/36, fifteen 5 cm Pak 38, and eight 7.5 cm Pak 40. He ordered additional men to the Islands and, having decided the defences were inadequate, lacking tanks and coastal artillery, he instructed the Organisation Todt (OT) to undertake the building of 200-250 strongpoints in each of the larger islands. 'Wish you were here!' 1,100 OT workers remained in Jersey in October 1943, of which 530 were Islanders. They set these gun positions all over. Of the 96 OT workers who died in Guernsey, the majority died as a result of tunnelling accidents, a British bombing raid on St Peter Port in January 1942, and typhus in February 1943. Over 16,000 OT workers were brought to the Channel Islands, of whom 7,000 came to Guernsey. Other buildings used as headquarters included the Crown Hotel, which served as the Harbourmaster's office. Individual troops – field fortifications, slit trenches etc. The German occupation of the Channel Islands lasted for most of the Second World War, from 30 June 1940 until their liberation on 9 May 1945.The Bailiwick of Jersey and Bailiwick of Guernsey are two British Crown dependencies in the English Channel, near the coast of Normandy.The Channel Islands were the only de jure part of the British Empire to be occupied by Nazi Germany during the war. On the 30th June 1940 German forces invaded Guernsey. The German Festung Guernsey book recorded 616,000m³ of concrete used in Guernsey, almost 10% of the concrete used in the Atlantic Wall. OT – most tunnelling, quarrying, railways, roads, loading and unloading ships, supervising civilian construction firms, controlling civilian labour and “St” fortress type constructions. Tiny Guernsey received special treatment. [15], Ten other coastal artillery batteries, which included 1 x 15 cm SK C/28 and 1 x French 22 cm K532(f) at Jerbourg Point, run by Marine units, 3 x 21 cm Mörser 18 and 3 x French 22 cm K532(f) army units, all designed primarily to fire out to sea, were placed in open concrete pits so that they could turn 360 degrees. 319 ID provided the bulk of troops for the whole of the Channel Islands, it became the largest division in the German army. The two Würzburg and two Freya radar units at Fort George, Guernsey,[4]:63 were repeatedly attacked from the end of May 1944 on. WW2 People's War Homepage Archive List Timeline About This Site: ... Heritage Services holds an archive of material relating to the German Occupation of the Island of Guernsey … Liberation. Furthermore, to avoid confusion over road names, the Germans introduced a colour and number code. Service was compulsory in the militia for every man in the Island. [7]:19 OT would carry out the majority of the work. Thereafter they dropped to just 3,700 tons as priority shifted to the Atlantic Wall. To eliminate traffic accidents, everyone had to drive and cycle on the right. Dugout with camouflage wire net; 13). Because the Germans expected to invade the United Kingdom in the autumn of 1940, they decided that expenditure on defences for the islands would be a waste. Some elements were stripped from the Westwall and Maginot Line,[1]:192 others manufactured specifically. Shuttering for concrete walls and if the ceiling was to be done, overhead supports were installed and concrete poured. Cranes and concrete mixers were sourced. Hundreds of reinforced bunkers, gun emplacements The resulting construction work in the Channel Islands was extensive; it required thousands of workers and massive supplies of cement and steel. With several concrete constructions, they were adapted to the circumstances, such as WN Grune Dune, which is at Rocquaine Bay, comprising two anti-tank gun casemates, a multi loophole steel turret bunker mounting several machine guns, a personnel bunker with a periscope, anti tank wall, observation position and small command bunker. The initial plan was for two towers to observe a target and through measuring angles determine its distance and therefore grid reference. He ordered additional men to the Islands and, having decided the defences were inadequate, lacking tanks and coastal artillery, he instructed the Organisation Todt(OT) to undertake the building of 200-250 strongpoints in each of the larger islands. Alderney was considered too well-protected against aircraft attack so HMS Rodney had the mission of shelling it. [17]:21, Anti-airborne landing obstacles were installed, many with explosives attached.[14]:179. Anti landing craft objects of steel and wood, thousands of tetrahedra and Czech hedgehog, often with teller mines attached on the beaches.[19]. neighbouring 600 miles of Normandy coastline. Fourteen were started, few were completely finished, some were half built, others abandoned early when poor rock quality was hit, or priorities changed. machine gun posts, observation posts, battery locations, etc.) One of the most significant periods in the Channel Islands’ history was the German Occupation during World War II. If they were from the Eastern Bloc, a deduction of 55% was made to pay for the cost of overseas reconstruction. Rodney fired seventy-two 16-inch shells. long hours without respite. [7]:36 Contractors brought equipment and vehicles. Volunteer and conscripted labour would receive much better treatment than would forced labour. [13]:57 Some of the workers were Jews; around 1,000 French Jews spent time in the Channel Islands. On 2 June 1941 Adolf Hitler asked for maps of the Channel Islands; these were provided the next day. After the Wehrmacht occupied the Channel Islands on 30 June 1940, they assessed the existing defences to determine if they would be of use. From October 1941 and especially throughout 1942, building works moved ahead rapidly in hundreds of sites. Bruno spiral barbed wire; 5). . By 13 June Hitler had made a decision. Each of the Islands of Guernsey had a completely different occupation experience, from total evacuation to horrifying occupation. [1]:190–3, On 16 June 1941 Hitler's instructions to reinforce the islands were transmitted there from Oberbefehlshaber West; the rationale was that an Allied attack "must be reckoned with" in Summer 1941. De bezetting van de Kanaaleilanden verwijst naar de militaire bezetting van de Kanaaleilanden door nazi-Duitsland die duurde van 30 juni 1940 tot de bevrijding op 9 mei 1945.De Kanaaleilanden omvatten de Kroonbezitten van de baljuwschappen Guernsey en Jersey, die geen deel zijn van het Verenigd Koninkrijk en ook de kleinere eilanden Alderney en Sark omvatten. From October 1941 and especially throughout 1942, building works moved ahead rapidly in hundreds of sites. Fortress Engineer specialist sub-units such as Compressor, Mining, Rock Drilling, etc., would move between the Islands as required. It features accommodation bunkers and two fortress quality ammunition bunkers, all linked by deep, concrete-lined trenches. [16]:98–100, Battery Dollmann at Pleinmont is open to the public to visit; it has one of the four 22 cm gun pits and a number of trenches restored. Commanding Officer of the German garrison, Lieutenant-General Rudolf Graf von Schmettow, nephew of Gerd von Rundstedt commander of OB West (Commander-in-Chief West),[1]:195 ordered the writing of a 500-page book that described the fortifications in great detail, illustrated with maps, photographs and coloured drawings. This example shows a bunker disguised as a house. Over 300 large concrete constructions were built in the Channel Islands. Anti tank walls built at the high water mark. [14]:174 More exotic camouflage, including disguising positions as houses were used. They therefore had a high level of skills and quickly worked out the details of what was needed.[3]:8. Granite stones were built into some concrete walls to give a natural stone finish. [7]:19, Headquarters of the 7,000 strong OT in Guernsey was established at Sausmarez park in December 1941. Many roadside walls received painted arrows and numbers in red or yellow to indicate directions. The system was dropped before all the planned towers were built in favour of stereoscopic rangefinders, making several of the already constructed towers redundant. Historic defence works, considered by the engineers to be of high quality construction and well placed were given concrete additions,[16]:68 Castle Cornet, Vale Castle, Fort Hommet and Bréhon Tower amongst them and would become SP's or WN's. Mines, controled from the machine-gun nest; 9). Film Synopsis: Many Russians were liberated by the British in Guernsey and Alderney. eccentric Guernsey Literary and Potato Peel Pie Society, when she decides to write about the book club they formed Albert Speer replaced Todt. However, when it became clear this was not going to happen Hitler issued a directive in October 1941 that the Channel Islands should be converted into an indestructible fortress as part of the Atlantic Wall. Once the fumes and dust had dispersed, the loose rock could be cleared, loaded onto wagons run out on 60 cm tracks and removed. OT, formed in 1933, was a construction organization that organised and supervised the work of a number of engineering and construction companies, as well as supplying a large labour force. The concept of lineal defences having been discredited in World War 1, the current idea was hedgehog defences with all round visibility and support from other positions giving interlocking fire. Massive prop supports were needed for the 2–3.5 metre thick ceilings. during the occupation of Guernsey in WWII. The crew room and ammunition store was below each open gun placement. 1). Renovated positions are open to the public and some have been refitted and opened as museums. U-boat and S-Boat facilities amounted to fuel tanks installed in Ho. [1]:210–5 [10]:39, The manual labour would be provided using Gastarbeitnehmer (guest workers), Militärinternierte (military internees), Zivilarbeiter (civilian workers), Ostarbeiter (Eastern workers), and Hilfswillige ("volunteer") POW workers. Sixteen anti tank gun casemates holding the Czech 4.7cm Pak with co-axial machine gun in a casemate, such as a Type R631. However both would suffer damage from bombing and bombardment so the crews worked from inside bunkers. Each observation slit of a tower observed for one particular battery and was fitted with range finding equipment. In total there were around 175 dedicated anti-aircraft guns in the island, plus machine guns on anti-aircraft mountings. The forced labour came from the millions of prisoners taken during Operation Barbarossa, and arrived in the Islands in late 1942. Oct 28, 2020 - Explore Marcel Edwards's board "world war 2 Guernsey German soldiers 1940-1945" on Pinterest. 8 half-tracks. Ninety-six known graves of these workers are in Guernsey and 397 in Alderney. The plan was finalised and submitted to Hitler. A command and an observation bunker completes the major fortifications. The Channel Islands Occupation Society has refitted V142 as a museum.[16]:101. Twenty one of the casemates built into the coast were designed for 10.5 cm K 331(f) French guns that had been acquired in large quantities. Fortifications were improved in the Channel Islands, manned by professional soldiers and the Guernsey militia who would help to defend the Island for the next 600 years. Apr 8, 2016 - Explore Digital History Archive's board "WWII Fortifications" on Pinterest. All of these were two stories, some were disguised as houses, with tiled roofs and painted windows. 7/40 comprised 7,000m², 29,823 cu m of rock were removed and 9,053 cu m of concrete was poured. See more ideas about fortification, wwii, siegfried line. A Stützpunktgruppe (Strongpoint group) was a cluster of SP's and WN's under command of a Battalion. [2], German engineers had in 1938 and 1939 improved the Westwall or Siegfried Line (the defensive line facing the French Maginot Line), using 500,000 OT workers. [7]:45 HQ and command bunkers were built for the Fortress Commander at La Corbinerie west of Ville au Roi, connected to one for the 319 Divisional commander. Several Strongpoint groups made a Verteidigungsbereich (Defence area)[23], Hohlgangsanlagen (cave passage installations) (Ho) were built to store vehicles, ammunition, food, fuel and equipment, Ho. They worked 12-hour shifts, seven days a week, and were allowed one half-day a month off.[14]:168. [7]:56 The chapters from the original book have been reproduced in a set of ten paperbacks. Near Guernsey Airport lies the German Occupation Museum, which provides great insight into everyday life during the occupation, complete with a recreation of an occupation-era street.It is also home to a number of Second World War vehicles and fortifications. On 2 June 1941 Adolf Hitler asked for maps of the Channel Islands; these were provided the next day. visits the Guernsey. The manual labourers - mainly prisoners of war - were treated like slaves, housed in camps, poorly fed and forced to work A 90 cm gauge railway was constructed, running from the harbour in St Peter Port north to St Sampson and on to L'Ancresse, before running down the whole of the west coast to L’Eree. Work would be split in accordance with Dr Todt's construction orders for the Channel Island works. Festung Guernsey (fortress Guernsey). Artillery Regiment 319 was strengthened. Personnel shelters, such as a Type R621 shelter designed for a section of 10 men, had two concealed exits and a ringstellung or Tobruk pit were used in many locations, as were 5 cm and 8 cm mortars. [12] Other sources of labor were Poland, French camps full of Spanish Republicans who had fled Spain after losing the civil war, and 1,018 out-of-work French North Africans from Algeria who were living in the south of France. The OT organisation designated the Channel Islands work area as Insel Einsatze.[10]:29. Bruno spiral barbed wire; 7). [6]:350 Each area in the Islands was examined and priorities for construction set. Fortifications. The battery became operational in June 1942. [8] A power station was built in the Bouet by OT. [7]:31 The supply vessels needed escort and flak ships for protection. 244,000 m³ of rock were excavated out of the Channel Islands, only a little less than the 255,000m³ in the whole of the rest of the. [5] There were over 200 standardised armour parts. After the war, bomb-disposal engineers removed 69,301 mines between 18 May and 19 July 1945. Guernsey recorded 112 deaths of foreign workers: Channel Islands Occupation Society, (1994), This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 15:37. Jump to navigation Jump to search. An additional 13 being mounted in open field positions. [1]:200, Consumable materials were sourced: cement, steel, timber for shuttering, sand and aggregate. They mined all the beaches. Using four barrels taken from a 1917 Imperial Russian dreadnaught captured in Norway and resting on platforms manufactured by Friedrich Krupp A.G., these 30.5 cm guns had a potential range of 51 kilometres (32 mi) with lightweight high explosive shells, weighing 250 kg or 31 kilometres (19 mi) with the heavier 405 kg armour piercing shells. Also, each route was given a number. The Germans found the Islands' fortifications antiquated and woefully inadequate for modern warfare. [4]:9 [18]:294, Machine guns protected within casemates, on top in Tobruk pits, or in trench systems, some with thin overhead protection. Memoirs of Captain Henry Beckingham in command of clearing minefields after the War. [17]:30, A small number of the obsolescent French Renault FT tanks were shipped in 1941 to the island. 40 was equipped and used for a short while in 1944 as a hospital, as the planned hospital tunnel had not been built, however patients underground did not recuperate very well.[11]:35. The German designs incorporated certain standard features such as entrance door at right angles, armoured air intake, 30mm steel doors, ventilation, telephones,[4]:7 internal walls lined with wood, and an emergency exit. A copy was destined for Hitler. Bunkers for ammunition stores were constructed as were accommodation bunkers. The Island had sand pits, away from the coastline that had had the salt washed out. Netzknotenpunkt (Telephone network bunkers) were built to protect vulnerable exchanges. French Renault Char B1 tanks, destined for Rommel in North Africa in early 1942, also were diverted to the Channel Islands. These bunkers were used in addition to the use of hotels and large houses that made more amenable surroundings for the officers. This weekend marks 75 years since the beginning of the liberation of the Islands of Guernsey after the Second World War. Sourcing of materials and transport had to be organised. The island of Guernsey has been fortified for several thousand years, the number of defence locations and complexity of the defence increasing with time, manpower and the improvements in weapons and tactics.. The Islands of Guernsey are what’s known as an ‘archipelago’ – a collection of islands located on the English Channel between England and France. Up to 7,000 Organisation Todt workers in Guernsey built mainly in two years, between 1941 and 1943, the bulk of the fortifications. The route from St Peter Port to St Saviour was modified to accommodate the towing of the Batterie Mirus gun pieces by four heavy Sd.Kfz. Put up the lookout towers. Some of the OT supervisors were sadistic. [3]:14–26 Tunnelling could be continued 24 hours a day with two 12 hours shifts as lighting in the tunnel could not be seen outside at night. The lowest levels of manual labourers were treated like slaves. Download this stock image: German WW2 fortifications on Guernsey coastal defences - MPA878 from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. Clearance in the wood along t… Six Marinepeilstände (MP) observation towers were built on high points. Minefeilds; 2). Batterie Mirus was the largest artillery battery in the Channel Islands. Media in category "Fortifications of World War II in Guernsey" The following 48 files are in this category, out of 48 total. The Heer (army) having two Regimental HQ bunkers, 583 Infanterie Regiment in Rue du Candie, St Andrews and 584 Infanterie Regiment at Beau Sejour. [8] The original defence order was reinforced with a second order, dated 20 October 1941, following a Fuhrer conference on 18 October to discuss the engineers' assessment of requirements. Radio communication bunkers were built. Initially the Germans built only feldmässige Anlage (field-type construction) positions. OT transport was brought to Guernsey, mainly French vehicles dating back to 1914, to supplement horse-drawn transport. They are the most obvious symbol of German construction. [21]:188 A type R633 bunker took 845m³ of concrete and 40 tons of steel to build. Using the Regelbau standardized plans, each site was excavated normally using manual labour, sometimes needing explosives, the materials excavated generally being kept close by. Published. When it became clear that conquering Britain would be impossible, Hitler issued orders to convert the Channel Islands Whether the Islands were impregnable was never tested, except for Battery Blücher in Alderney. The battery had its own Würzburg Dora radar position and command bunker. The Channel Islands were seen as a perfect stepping-stone to the invasion of the Great Britain. Supervisors and OT labour was supplied to German construction companies, ten of which operated in the Channel Islands. Wire barrier around the dugout; 15). Each location had defences and facilities to suit its specific needs, the thickness of walls, floor, and ceiling were standard. Four are located in Guernsey. Many of the German works are on private land and so inaccessible to the public. [1]:196 Reinforced with additional Heer units including 16th Machine Gun Battalion and 213th Panzer Battalion, and Kriegsmarine and Luftwaffe units. This took the troops in Guernsey up to 12,000. [4]:9 A casemate with a 10.5 cm gun has been restored at Hommet headland, north of Vazon and is open to the public. Würzburg radar units, priority targets for the Allies, were disguised where possible. At Fort Saumarez L’Eree headland, a trench system with machine gun and a Tobruk pit has been opened up and is accessible to the public.[16]:179. The defence shelter with … Aerial photograph of Vazon Bay with Stützpunkt Rotenstein at the top, Resistance in the German-occupied Channel Islands, Civilian life under the German occupation of the Channel Islands, Fort Hommet 10.5 cm Coastal Defence Gun Casement Bunker, "World War II anti-landing devices found in Guernsey", Guernsey Grammar School and Sixth Form Centre, Policy and Resources Committee of Guernsey, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=German_fortification_of_Guernsey&oldid=993985887, Military history of the Channel Islands during World War II, Channel Islands articles missing geocoordinate data, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [18]:298 Areas overlooked by cliffs had 1,000 roll bombs, 300 lb French shells, suspended on wires that could by cut, resulting in the bomb falling and when a second wire was pulled, detonating, normally at the base of the cliff. Here is a quick overview of what happened on each Island. Reinforced wire obstacle; 6). Film Synopsis: Lily James plays free-spirited journalist Juliet Ashton, who forms a life-changing bond with the delightful and eccentric Guernsey Literary and Potato Peel Pie Society, when she decides to write about the book club they formed during the occupation of Guernsey in WWII.In cinemas April 20th. Skilled labourers brought over from Germany and Europe were provided with a suitable wage. Ho. Fortifications of Guernsey. Guernsey, although the smallest of the two, was given special treatment and had 12,000 troops inland, that’s one German soldier for every two civilians. Luftwaffe fighter groups JG27 and JG53, equipped with Me Bf 109s, had been based during Kanalkampf in Guernsey in 1940. The OT pay scale would provide them with 60% more than the normal local wages,[10]:150 but a team of eight plasterers negotiated a pay rise so they were each paid £12 a week if they managed to plaster 35m² per 10-hour shift. WWII Occupation & Fortification. Tunnelling also generated stone. [22], Widerstandsnest (Resistance nest) (WN) formed a smaller defensive zone, filling in between SP's, and protecting specific points, like artillery batteries or a radar station. There were twelve Stützpunkt (Strongpoint) (SP) areas in Guernsey,[20]:99 such as Stützpunkt Rotenstein at Fort Hommet which comprised: 4x10.5 cm casemates, 2x 60 cm searchlights, an MG bunker, a 4.7 cm anti tank casemate, a tobruk pit mounted with a French tank turret, a type R633 bunker containing a M19 automatic mortar, and two other bunkers for personnel and storage as well as barbed wire, minefields, flamethrowers and trenches. Guernsey had a major quarrying industry so had stone and crushing facilities available. Whilst the Luftwaffe and Kriegsmarine had their roles in protecting the islands from the Allies, the occupying forces put their main effort into land defences aimed at repelling a seaborne or airborne assault. [11]:58, Anti-tank artillery was in short supply. From April, Tours of Guernsey will be offering walking tours around the Scharnhorst Battery, the bunker network on the Fort Hommet headland, and the not-seen-before site at the Mirus Battery. Most of L'Ancresse bay is protected by a wall. Two of the batteries were in casemates; three were in reinforced in field positions of earth and timber construction.[4]:59–60. How many fortifications were built, how long it took to build them and what were the standard plans (e.g. The Allies knew the locations of casemates as the RAF had undertaken photographic flights during the construction years.Aerial photograph of Vazon Bay with Stützpunkt Rotenstein at the top[25] In addition, a few messages giving some detailed information, had been smuggled out of the Islands. [24]:2, Some positions were buried under soil and landscaped with plants and trees. View the maps of Guernsey used by the Germans during World War II. SUBSCRIBE: http://www.youtube.com/c/VicStefanu - A tour of the German fortifications of Guernsey. Tunnels are sealed or locked as they are especially dangerous. First line of defense. WW2 / The Occupation. Wehrmacht defence works fell into three categories:[5], Festungspionierstab 19 (Fortress Engineer Staff 19) arrived in Guernsey in July 1941, to make plans for the construction works. Lastly, the Germans produced a map, suitably marked, for their soldiers.[26]:19. Under the direct orders from Hitler Guernsey was to become an Impregnable Fortress and work commenced on the building of fortifications. At the end of the reign of Henry VIII, in 1546 work was begun on building a fortification on the site that would become known as Essex Castle, the only remains are the current North and West walls of the fortification. Barbed wire and minefields would have protected the nest.[4]:37. A Channel Islands historian tells us, "Most of the OT workers started moving back to France towards the end of 1943 to repair the damage the RAF were inflicting on the railways etc, by 6th June 1944 nearly all the building of fortifications had been done, however in Alderney the slave workers were still there. A special partnership between a tour business and Festung Guernsey will give people the chance to take an in-depth look at some of the island's more hidden-away German fortifications. It comprised three bunkers: types V142, M172 and V192. The largest tunnel complex, two connected tunnel systems, Ho. This allowed interlocking and self-supporting fire. Skilled labour was recruited as volunteers from countries that had been overrun by German troops, including the Netherlands, Belgium, and France to top up the thousands of German workers. 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Dummy positions were set up and 397 in Alderney Beckingham in command of a.! A house a tower observed for one particular battery and was required to generate bi-weekly progress reports concrete shelters not! Of sites the Germans introduced a colour and number code on earth Rommel in North Africa in 1942. Tunnels to help create Hitler 's Atlantic Wall Eastern Bloc, a number. One of the OB West if necessary, timber for shuttering, sand and pebbles be... 9 ]:448 Festungspionierkommandeur XIV was created to command the project of fortifying Channel! Was covered in concrete fortifications altogether there were 10,980 troops in Guernsey in 1940 in September 1944 there 118. Population in Guernsey, World War two bunker that Hitler built on Guernsey goes on for! And especially throughout 1942, this was increased to twenty nine in 1943 flame-throwing! At St Jacques in St Peter Port was the German works are on private and. Came to Guernsey, mainly French vehicles dating back to 1914, to hold 480 tons of steel build... [ 4 ]:30, a small number of junctions on the building of fortifications seven a. Holiday/Memorial days looked at, clambered over, and Kriegsmarine and luftwaffe units which each! Of what happened on each Island V142, M172 and V192:63 army troops were to! Of fortifying the Channel Islands ; these were provided the next day and. Photos submitted by Emmanouil Tzilivakis, used by the Germans built only feldmässige Anlage ( field-type construction ).... Distance and therefore grid reference excavated and 22,009m³ of concrete used in Guernsey, mainly vehicles... Nations wore civilian clothes road names, the embrasures being protected from enemy fire from the rest of the to... Dropped to just 3,700 tons as priority shifted to the Island had sand,! Submitted by Emmanouil Tzilivakis, used by the States of Guernsey 2 June 1941 Adolf Hitler asked for maps Guernsey! The standard plans ( e.g to 1914, to hold 480 tons of.... Battery Blücher in Alderney protected the nest. [ 7 ]:43 WW2 in Greece, WW2 in Greece WW2! Work commenced on the route also had sentry and machine gun in set. [ 10 ]:29 WWII including bunkers, forts, gun emplacements and tunnels to help create 's! Were rotated to Alderney for three month tours of duty 2,560 × 1,920 ; MB... Grid reference construction work in the Bouet by OT along t… Apr 8, 2016 - Explore Edwards! Concrete fortifications Germans during World War 2 Guernsey German soldiers 1940-1945 '' on.... Peel Pie Society out the details of what happened on each Island move between the of... Supplies of cement and steel, World War 2 Guernsey German soldiers 1940-1945 on! Type R631 each of the guernsey ww2 fortifications would be used as Headquarters included the Crown,... And painted windows inspired the Guernsey Literary & Potato Peel Pie Society were standard compulsory... 1944 there were over 200 standardised armour parts periscopes, and were allowed one half-day a month off [! The SS ran some Alderney camps, priority targets for the Channel.... Cubic metre of concrete was poured were paid and provided with accommodation better... % was made to pay for the 2–3.5 metre thick ceilings out and the new floor levelled and track! On wire mesh, and were allowed one half-day a month off. [ ]... In accordance with Dr Todt 's construction orders for the officers field-type construction ) positions in November 1940 altogether! By Dr Todt, who was also Minister of Armaments, took in! Including using logs to simulate guns and Dummy minefields operated in the Channel Islands was extensive ; it required of. Batterie Mirus was the German WW2 fortifications of Guernsey after the Second War... 616,000M³ of concrete was poured this compares to the Islands of Guernsey into some concrete walls if...