Disaster preparedness is a continuous and integrated process resulting from a wide range of risk reduction activities and resources rather than from a distinct sectoral activity by itself. The major activities undertaken within this scheme include the setting up of the National Centre for Disaster Management (NCDM) at the Indian Institute of Public Administration, creation of 24 disaster management faculties in 23 states, research and consultancy services, documentation of major disaster events and forging regional cooperation. The major disasters naturally may include earthquakes, cyclones, floods, and drought. The earliest mention of climate change dates back to the 19th century. Today increasing attention is being paid to windstorms, particularly tropical cyclones as some scientists see their incidence as being a possible indicator of global climatic change and predict an increase in their frequency. Just like part one of Math for Elementary Teachers, part two … The coniferous forests in the Himalayan region are very susceptible to fire and every year there are one or more major fire incidences in these areas. The concept of climate change has been around for quite a while. Introduction to Disaster Risk Reduction: Disaster Risk reduction (DRR) aims to reduce the damage caused by natural hazards like earthquakes, floods, droughts and cyclones, through an ethic of prevention. Successful DRR results from the combination of top-down, institutional changes and strategies, with bottom-up, local and community … Their usual content are those topics that may have previously been presented but were not given with full emphasis. humanitarian emergencies and disaster relief around the world. Ullrich P. M. and Lutgendorf S. K,. More than 58 per cent of India’s land area is under threat of moderate to severe seismic hazard. Part One a. Theological Definition Predestination is a Calvinist doctrine, which governs the degree of control which God exercises over the affairs of human beings, and, indeed, all things that occur on Earth.Calvinist predestination insists that God basically has determined all things which have occurred, and will occur. The silica poor volcanoes called basaltic volcanoes, while the silica rich volcanoes are andesitic volcanoes. Essay, Geography, Disasters, Natural Disasters, Essay on Natural Disasters. The area vulnerable to floods is 40 million hectares and the average area affected by floods annually is about 8 million hectares. Homes destroyed by floods, hurricanes, cyclones, landslides and avalanches, a volcanic eruption, or an earthquake are often beyond repair or take a lot of time to become livable again. A reflection essay is a personal form of writing because it contains your opinions and feelings about something. When nearly 380 people were killed when massive landslides washed away the entire village. You should have cited secondary sources of adequate scholarly quality and of sufficient number to support your ideas. The word ‘reflective’ means that you look back to the past and analyze the matter from a present point of view. 2. In other words, being adequately equipped is the key element of proper disaster management for every country. Disasters can have devastating impact on the economy and is a significant setback to the development in a given region. The more advanced a country is, the higher level of its preparation is. Introduction. Going beyond the historical focus on relief and rehabilitation after the event, we now have to look ahead and plan for disaster preparedness and mitigation, in order that the periodic shocks to our development efforts are minimized. Average 130-800 million tonnes of dust are entrained by winds each year. Introduction: ADVERTISEMENTS: The definition of natural disasters is any catastrophic event that is … It is hard for a day to pass without news about complex or major emergencies happening in different parts of the world, as disasters continue to strike causing destruction to both developed and undeveloped countries (Dyregrov, 1999). share and spread risk to prevent disaster losses being absorbed by other development outcomes and creating additional poverty; Although DRM includes disaster preparedness and response activities, it is about much more than managing disasters (UNISDR, 2015a). There is thus a need to look at disasters from a development perspective as well. Reflection about the Potentials and Limits of the Concept of Resilience in Relation to Vulnerability Reduction Programmes. Identification and training of volunteers from the community towards first response measures as well as mitigation measures is an urgent imperative. In the rest of this reflection I am going to write reflecting on different parts of my presentation and how I could have done it better and improve it for the next time. Devastations in the aftermath of powerful earthquakes that struck Gujarat, El Salvador and Peru; floods that ravaged many countries in Africa, Asia and elsewhere; droughts that plagued Central Asia including Afghanistan, Africa and Central America; the cyclone in Madagascar and Orissa; and floods in Bolivia are global events in recent memory. Minor disasters typically include storm, heat waves, cold waves, mudslides, and thunderstorms. Some of them are earthquakes, cyclones, floods, … One of the worst tragedies took place at Malpa (Uttrakhand) on 11th and 17th August, 1998. The future blue-print for disaster management in India rests on the premise that in today’s society while hazards, both natural or otherwise, are inevitable, the disasters that follow need not be so and the society can be prepared to cope with them effectively whenever they occur. The importance of each depends on the length of time and the resources required. Plagiarism Prevention 5. Prior to starting a reflection paper, you need to articulate and integrate your classroom experiences and core theme of readings or observations. Convex slopes more prone to this disaster. At the same time, a natural disaster exposes the various human frailties and faults that led to the disaster in the first place. In Hawaii and Japan, for example, tsunamis have been known to reach 30 m in height. 3. Disclaimer: Please note that all kinds of custom written papers ordered from AdvancedWriters.com academic writing service, including, but not limited to, essays, research papers, dissertations, book reviews, should be used as reference material only. Parts of the Indian sub-continent are susceptible to different types of disasters owing to the unique topographic and climatic characteristics. Though the regions of the country away from the Himalayas and other inter-plate boundaries were considered to be relatively safe from damaging earthquakes, the presence of a large number of non-engineering structures and buildings with poor foundations in these areas make these regions also susceptible to earthquakes. Not every disaster can be prevented, especially when it comes to natural disasters. We'll find the best writer for you subject! The environmental consequence of volcanic eruption without or with anthropogenic emission is shown in Fig. Natural disasters in Australia Natural disasters are events that occur naturally such as earthquakes, cyclones, Storms, and floods. Celebrities will often do what they can to raise money through concerts, phone marathons, and visiting affected areas with aid. Personal effects, memorabilia, vehicles, and documents also take a hit after many natural disasters. It is a way for a writer to share an important event in his/her life and how it affected him/her so that others may learn something from it. Reflection Paper. As always, NDRM was celebrated through the intiation of various activities that involved not only the OCD-RDRRMC but also the local DRRM Officers--- from the cities, to the municipalities, and … A disaster is a serious disruption occurring over a short or long period of time that causes widespread human, material, economic or environmental loss which exceeds the ability of the affected community or society to cope using its own resources. As per Snow and Avalanche Study Establishment (SASE), of Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), on an average around 30 people are killed every year due to this disaster in various zones of the Himalayas. ← Narrative Essay on a Life Changing Moment, Free revisions according to our Revision Policy, Free formatting (APA, MLA, Chicago, Harvard and others). Basic Concept of Disaster and Disaster Risk Disaster A disaster is a sudden, calamitous event that seriously disrupts the functioning of a community or society and causes human, material, and economic or environmental losses that exceed the community’s or society’s ability to cope using its own resources. Each of these forms is paired with its diagonal opposite. There are two types of magma ejected out of volcanoes —silica poor materials, and silica rich materials. On an average, five to six tropical cyclones form every year, of which two or three could be severe. 2.1 Disaster Although the focus of disaster reduction is not on any actual disaster event itself, disaster remains the main focus. Since number of the most vulnerable regions is in India, natural disaster management has emerged as a high priority for the country. In the last twenty years or so three million people have been killed as a result of such events. Finally, capacity building should not be limited to professionals and personnel involved in disaster management but should also focus on building the knowledge, attitude and skills of a community to cope with the effects of disasters. All natural disasters cause loss in some way. Account Disable 11. Report a Violation 10. Physical vulnerability also relates to the technical capacity of buildings and structures to resist the forces acting upon them during a hazard event. An analysis of the frequency of cyclones on the East and West Coasts of India between 1891 and 1990 shows that nearly 262 cyclones occurred (92 severe) in a 50 km wide strip on the East Coast. Probably the best documented of these events is the occurrence at Noshiro, Japan, in 1983 which caused approximately 100 deaths and extensive property damage and flooding. The prediction systems related to volcanic activity has improved considerably during past few decades. This, in turn, leads to further damage. Training facilities for government personnel involved in disaster management are conducted at the national level by the National Centre for Disaster Management at the Indian Institute of Public Administration, in New Delhi which functions as the nodal institution in the country for training, research and documentation of disasters. About 30 million people are affected by flood every year. A disaster is generally defined as an event in which illness or injuries surpass resource capabilities of a community or medical facility (Ignatavicius & Workman, 2010). The minor man-made occurrence of disasters may include accidents on the roads or trains, riots, industrial riots, food poisoning, and environmental pollution. Tsunamis have multiple origin—16.5 per cent resulted from tectonic earthquakes associated with the eruption, 20 per cent from pyroclastic (ash) flows or surges hitting the ocean, 14 per cent from submarine eruptions, 7 per cent resulted from the collapse of the volcano and subsequent caldera formation, 5 per cent from landslides or avalanches, 3 per cent from atmospheric shock waves and 25 per cent had no discernible origin, but probably were produced by submerged volcanic eruptions. Have tropical cyclone frequencies or their intensities increased with global changes throughout the last century? We can reduce the impact through raising awareness and understanding of all the preventive actions, together with having knowledge of particular tools and techniques. Here is a compilation of essays on ‘Natural Disasters’ for class 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12. DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT – AWARENESS AND PREPAREDNESS: A TERM PAPER Submitted by: Zoren Pepito Lao Gubalane Graduate Student Submitted to: Dr. Rodolfo T. Delara Subject Professor DBA737- RISK MANAGEMENT& INSURANCE Course Title Summer 2015 1|Page ABSTRACT This Term Paper aims to generate necessary data and information to assess the Disaster Risk Management in … Building codes, critical front-line defence for achieving stronger engineered structures, need to be drawn up in accordance with the vulnerability of the area and implemented through appropriate techno-legal measures. With all the technology available, it’s become easier to predict major storms, blizzards, cyclones, and other weather related natural disasters. Thus our efforts must be geared towards the reduction of the risk of a disaster occurring. When disasters with extreme losses occur in the countries that aren’t well prepared, these losses become a bit high due to the inability to manage the situation in a timed manner. Disasters often follow natural hazards. Vesuvius eruption causes 2,000 death and burying of the Pompeii city. The Eighth Plan allocation of Rs.6.30 crore for this scheme was increased to Rs.16.32 crore in the Ninth Plan. The fact that tsunamis can travel 10,000 km at velocities exceeding 900 km per hour with little loss of energy and are, therefore, capable of hitting areas not directly affected by the inducing event, has led to the establishment of a tsunami early warning service for the whole circum-Pacific area. The severity of a disaster is measured in lives lost, economic loss, and the ability of the population to rebuild. However, only a few of the 22 countries most at risk are considered to have standard operating procedures for immediate evacuation or reliable, rapid communication systems capable of receiving real-time warnings from the Pacific Tsunami Warning Centre. The plan thus already has a defined role in dealing with the subject. Severe windstorms with high level of flush rain often called thunderstorms associated with lightning, hail and tornadoes cause massive destruction of properties and also human lives through out the world. Reflections on Natural Disasters I am writing this article from my home in Florida with the wind and rain of hurricane Irma pounding on our windows and doors. Disasters may also reduce availability of new investment, further constricting the growth of the region. The earth has been affected by natural hazards over a long time as man emerged into the picture – the picture that the natural occurrences were becoming a disaster, together with being documented in various ways providing a warning for the future generation. Earlier Pacific Tsunami warning system was established for forecasting the event. In Himalayas, avalanches are common in Drass, Pir Panijat, Lahaul-Spiti and Badrinath areas. A partial geographical distribution of tsunamis is given in Table 30.2: Over past two thousand years there have been 10, 00,000 deaths attributed to tsunami in the Pacific region alone. Giving due consideration to the severity of the problem various land reform measures have been initiated as mitigation measures. So a flood on an uninhabited island would not count as a disaster, but a flood in a populated area is called a natural disaster. Disaster management may not be directly associated with planned financing, but number of schemes are in operation, such as for drought proofing, afforestation, drinking water, etc., which deal with the prevention and mitigation of the impact of natural disasters. However, science is making it more possible to predict, aid is faster at coming, and people are learning how to rebuild in safer areas. Constructions in hazardous areas like flood plains or steep soft slopes are more vulnerable to disasters. It may be a template on one’s opinions on facts, events, controversy et al. Search for more papers by this author. As per Gaius Pinius Caecilius secundus on 24 August, 79 AD the Nt. Extra assistance for post-disaster reconstruction and streamlining of management structures also is a major consideration of the plan. Natural disasters know no political boundaries and have no social or economic considerations. Disaster management programme must strive to build a disaster resilient community equipped with safer living and sustainable livelihoods to serve its own development purposes. In addition, it can be also defined as a series of events that disrupt normal activities seriously. What is global education? Whether a disaster is man-made or natural, it can occur at any time and anywhere. C-Eng18 during DRRM Seminar: 1. Four kinds of knowledge located in Kolb’s scheme Kolb’s model therefore works on two levels – a four-stage cycle: Disasters also help to set in motion sincere research and study of the factors that caused the disaster and of better ways to predict and prevent such disasters in the future. In vulnerable populations, some emergencies (especially the ones that occur in nature) become catastrophic events only when they are in combination with the vulnerability factors like populations’ density and human settlements. clearly possess the power of free will. In developing countries destruction of infrastructure and primary agriculture can lead to a decrease in exports and gross national product, while increasing the likelihood of forfeiture of international loan repayments. When you reflect critically, you use course material (lectures, readings, discussions, etc.) A reflective essay deviates from typical academic writing because it invites you to use your own experiences and perceptions as evidence. The existence of natural disasters might lead one to ask why God would allow such things to happen. Necessary mitigation measures need to be built into the design and costing of development projects. North facing slope have avalanches in winter and south facing slopes during spring. The purpose of reflection is to allow the possibility of learning through experience, whether that is the experience of a meeting, a project, a disaster, a success, a relationship, or any other internal or external event, before, during or after it has happened (Amulya, Joy ‘What is Reflective Practice?’ The Centre for Reflective community Practice). II. Preparation is the best way of reducing disasters’ impact. As you can see, like most essays, the reflective essay follows a basic essay format. Prohibited Content 3. These are followed by adequate preparedness measures that should include an analysis of the relief management capacity. Nevertheless, we can prevent these with the right governance and respective laws that will reduce the risk of natural and man-made disasters that are being presented. During the last 20 years, India has experienced 10 major earthquakes that have resulted in more than 35,000 deaths. Mitigation measures need to be considered in land use and site planning activities. However, despite the many natural disasters the world over, mankind has shown amazing resilience. The country receives an annual precipitation of 400 million hectare meters. Feel free to buy an online essay on Disaster Management from our professional essay writing service. Drought prone areas comprise 108.11 million hectares out of a total land area of 329 million hectares. The natural disasters that really affect people worldwide tend to become more intense as the years go on. Sometimes, a time of warning is there, but it’s often very short with catastrophic results. Average annual physical loss due to forest fire in the country is estimated to worth Rs.440 crores. Christophe Béné . Finally, within a vulnerable community, there exist groups that are more vulnerable like women and children, aged and in firm and physically challenged people who need special care and attention especially during crisis. If you don’t feel comfortable about including something personal, don’t include it or write about it general terms. It leads to. Sustainability is the key word in the development process. Natural disasters have a severe impact on the society, therefore it is important to plan and develop a safety programme and devise means to efficiently deal with natural disaster. A reflection after Disaster Risk Reduction Management Seminar: Naomi Yedda Francisco. 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